Environmental Health

Septic & Wells

For questions regarding sewage, water wells or proper waste disposal, please call and speak with one of our environmental inspectors at 217-535-3145.

  • Sangamon County-Code of Ordinances

Septic Permits & Information

When installing a new septic system or repairing or replacing an existing system, owners will need to hire a Licensed Septic Contractor. Typically, the contractor will complete the permits, with your assistance, and submit the permit application to the Sangamon County Health Department for you. Additionally, owners are required to hire a Licensed Soil Scientist to interpret how the soil will respond when subjected to various uses and management. This step is necessary to determine the best type of system and manner in which it is installed to lengthen the life of your system and make the best use of your investment.

  • 2019 Registered Septic Contractors

  • List of Licensed Soil Scientists

  • Septic and Pumper Contractor Registration

  • Septic Permit Application

For questions regarding septic systems and permits, please call and speak with one of our environmental inspectors at 217-535-3145.

Septic System Maintenance

  • Sewage System Do’s and Don’ts

  • Home Aerobic System Do’s and Don’ts

Rules and Regulations

  • Illinois Private Sewage Disposal Code

  • Illinois Private Sewage Licensing Act

  • Sangamon County-Code of Ordinances

Water Wells

Many homes in rural areas are not connected to a municipal water system, but instead have a private well for their daily water supply. When installing, repairing or replacing a well, the owners will need to hire a Licensed Well-Pump Contractor for existing wells and a Licensed Well-Driller for a new or replaced well.

Typically, the contractor will complete the Water Well Permit Application, with your assistance, and submit the permit application to the Sangamon County Health Department for you.

Once the application is submitted, the health department will review the plans and work with the contractor to reach an approval within 7 – 10 business days.

For questions regarding water wells please call and speak with one of our environmental inspectors at 217-535-3145.

  • Water Well Permit Application – for permit to construct, modify or abandon well

  • Geothermal Permit Application

  • Well-Water Contractor Search

Testing Well-Water

The Illinois Department of Public Health suggests that well-water used for drinking be tested on a yearly basis. Other reasons for having your well water tested could include having someone in the home that is pregnant or immune compromised. Home owners can obtain a Well-Water Test Kit for a nominal fee by visiting the SCDPH office at 2833 South Grand Avenue East, Springfield.

  • Disinfecting Water Well Instructions

  • Sangamon County-Code of Ordinances

Private Water Wells & Groundwater Information

  • Abandoned Wells – Hazards to Health and Safety

  • American Groundwater Trust

  • Bored Wells: Safe Water Supply Depends on Location and Construction

  • Drilled Wells: A Safe Water Supply Depends on Location and Construction

  • Emergency Hauling, Storing and Disinfecting Water Supplies

  • Geothermal Wells (Closed Loop)

  • Groundwater Foundation

  • Illinois Department of Public Health

  • Illinois Environmental Protection Agency: Water

  • Illinois State Geological Survey

  • Illinois State Water Survey

  • United States Environmental Protection Agency: Water

  • Water Wells: Abandoned / Sealing / Forms / Disinfection / General Information

  • Well Sampling for Coliform and Nitrate

  • Your Water Well System: An Owners Guide

  • Sangamon County-Code of Ordinances

Sealing an Abandoned or Old Well

Abandoned wells left unsealed pose safety hazards for people and animals that could fall into them, causing injury or death. An abandoned well can also serve as a route for contaminating groundwater and cause pollution of other wells in the area used for drinking water.

The Illinois Water Well Construction Code requires the owner of a water well, boring or monitoring well to properly seal the well within 30 days after it is abandoned and no longer used to supply water. If a well or boring is in such a state of disrepair that it has the potential for transmitting contaminants into the groundwater or otherwise threatens the public health or safety, it also must be sealed.

Licensed Well-Driller must seal an abandoned well. A homeowner may seal his or her own well if a written request is made to the local health department or to the Illinois Department of Public Health describing procedures and materials, all of which must comply with the well code. The local health department or the Department’s nearest regional office must be notified at least 48 hours prior to the start of the work to seal such wells and, after the sealing is finished, a completed sealing form must be submitted to the local health department or the Department’s central office in Springfield.

For more information regarding sealing an abandoned or old well, please call and speak with one of our environmental inspectors at 217-535-3145.

Rules and Regulations

  • Illinois Drinking Water Systems Code (77 Ill. Adm. Code 900)

  • Illinois Groundwater Protection Act. (415 ILCS 55)

  • Illinois Plumbing Code (77 Ill. Adm. Code 890)

  • Illinois Water Well Construction Code (77 Ill. Adm. Code 920)

  • Illinois Water Well and Pump Installation Contractor’s License Code (77 Ill. Adm. Code 915)

  • Illinois Water Well Construction Code (415 ILCS 30)

  • Illinois Water Well Pump Installation Code (77 Ill. Adm. Code 925)

  • Illinois Water Well Pump Installation Code (415 ILCS 35)

  • Water Well and Pump Installation Contractor’s License Act (225 ILCS 345)

Licensed Waste Haulers

Any person, firm, or corporation may obtain a license to collect, haul, or dispose of solid waste within the county of Sangamon by submitting an application to the Sangamon County Department of Public Health.

The application shall contain the following information:

  • Name, address, and telephone number of applicant;
  • Proof of liability insurance;
  • List of all vehicles to be used, including make, model, year, VIN and registration number;
  • List of all employees that will be involved in the operation of the business;
  • Proof of worker’s compensation insurance covering the employees;
  • If engaging in the collection of recycling materials, the hauler shall identify the type of material to be hauled for that vehicle, and the proposed method of disposition of the recyclables.
  • Sangamon County Waste Haulers

  • Sangamon County-Code of Ordinances

Recycling Information

Please contact the facilities for information on the types of materials accepted.

Tire Recycling

Various service stations will charge between $2 and $5 to get rid of one standard-sized tire. Call your nearest service station for details and requirements.

Paint Recycling

For information on Paint and Disposal Options, please click here.

Oil Recycling

Many auto supply stores will accept up to 5 gallons of motor oil for free. Be sure to call first for details.

Building & Remodeling Recycling

Habitat for Humanity ReStore
2744 South 6th Street
Springfield, IL 62703
(217) 523-2710

Appliances & Metals Recycling

F&W Resources
3327 Terminal Avenue
Springfield, IL 62707
217-525-1206

Mervis Iron & Supply
1100 South 9th Street
Springfield, IL 62703
217-753-1492

Springfield Iron & Metal Recycling
930 N Wolfe Street
Springfield, IL 62702
217- 544-7131

Computers & Electronics Recycling

BLH Computers
1832 Stevenson Drive
Springfield, IL 62703
217-585-1580

Computer Banc
1617 Groth Street
Springfield, IL 62703
217-528-9506

Land of Lincoln Goodwill Industries, Inc.
2 Locations
Phone: 217-789-0400

2001 West Wabash Avenue
Springfield, IL 62704
217-220-1036

2531 North Dirksen Parkway
Springfield, IL 62702
217-679-7845

Mervis Iron & Supply
1100 South 9th Street
Springfield, IL 62703
Phone: 217-753-1492

Furniture Recycling

M.E.R.C.Y. Communities, Inc.
1344 North 5th Street
Springfield, IL 62702
217-753-1358

*Does not recycle/take donated furniture currently because of bed bugs in Springfield*

Does take donated household items and some un-upholstered furniture

For inquiries and to make arrangements to drop off donations, please call 217-744-1126